Gethsemene, Judas, Pilate
A literary harmony of the Four Gospels narratives.
After singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples,
"Sit here while I go over there and pray. "
He took along Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to feel sorrow and distress.
Then he said to them,
"My soul is sorrowful even to death.
Remain here and keep watch with me. "
He advanced a little and fell prostrate in prayer,
"My Father, if it is possible, let this
cup pass from me; yet, not as I will, but as you will. "
When he returned to his disciples he found them asleep.
He said to Peter,
"So you could not keep watch with me for
(He was in such agony and he prayed so fervently that his
sweat became like drops of blood falling on the ground.)
Withdrawing a second time, he prayed again,
"My Father, if it is not possible that
this cup pass without my drinking it, you will be done. "
Then he returned once more and found them asleep, for
they could not keep their eyes open. He left them and
withdrew again and prayed a third time, saying the same
thing again. Then he returned to his disciples and said to
"Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Behold, the
hour is at hand
While he was still speaking, a crowd approached and in
front was one of the Twelve, a man named Judas. He went up
to Jesus to kiss him. Jesus said to him,
"Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man
with a kiss?"
His disciples realized what was about to happen, and they
asked, "Lord, shall we strike with a sword?" And one of
them struck the high priest's servant and cut off his
right ear. But Jesus said in reply,
"Stop, no more of this!"
Then he touched the servant's ear and healed him. And
Jesus said to the chief priests and temple guards and
elders who had come for him,
"Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and
And the apostles all left him and fled. Now a young man
followed him wearing nothing but a linen cloth about his
body. They seized him, but he left the cloth behind and
ran off naked. They led Jesus away to the high priest, and
all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes came
together. Peter followed him at a distance into the high
priest's courtyard and was seated with the guards, warming
himself at the fire.
The chief priests and the entire Sanhedrin kept trying to
obtain testimony against Jesus in order to put him to
death, but they found none. Many gave false witness
against him, but their testimony did not agree. Some took
the stand and testified falsely against him, alleging, "We
heard him say, 'I will destroy this temple made with hands
and within three days I will build another not made with
hands.'" Even so their testimony did not agree.
The high priest rose before the assembly and questioned
Jesus, saying, "Have you no answer? What are these men
testifying against you?" But Jesus was silent and answered
nothing. Again, the high priest asked him and said to him,
"Are you the Messiah, the son of the Blessed One?" Then
"I am; and you will see the Son of Man
seated at the right hand of the Power and coming with the
clouds of heaven."
At that the high priest tore his garments and said, "What
further need have we of witnesses? You have heard the
blasphemy. What do you think?"
They all condemned him as deserving to die. Some began to
spit on him. They blindfolded him and struck him and said
to him, "Prophesy!" And the guards greeted him with blows.
While Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the high
priest's maids came along. Seeing Peter warming himself,
she looked intently at him and said, "You too were with
the Nazarene, Jesus." But he denied it saying, "I neither
know nor understand what you are talking about." So he
went out into the outer court. (Then the cock crowed.) The
maid saw him and began again to say to the bystanders,
"This man is one of them." Once again he denied it. A
little later the bystanders said to Peter once more,
"Surely you are one of them; for you too are a Galilean."
He began to curse and to swear, "I do not know this man
about whom you are talking." And immediately a cock crowed
the second time. Then Peter remembered the word that Jesus
had said to him, "Before the cock crows twice you will
deny me three times." He broke down and wept.
As soon as morning came, the chief priests with the
elders and the scribes, that is, the whole Sanhedrin, held
a council. They bound Jesus, led him away, and handed him
over to Pilate. The brought charges against him, saying,
"We found this man misleading our people; he opposes the
payment of taxes to Caesar and maintains that he is the
Messiah, a king." Pilate questioned him, Are you the king
of the Jews? He said to him in reply,
"You say so. "
Pilate then addressed the chief priests and the crowds,
"I find this man not guilty." But they were adamant and
said, "He is inciting the people with his teaching
throughout all Judea, from Galilee where he began even to
On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean;
and upon learning that he was under Herod's jurisdiction,
he sent him to Herod who was in Jerusalem at that time.
Herod was very glad to see Jesus; he had been wanting to
see him for a long time, for he had heard about him and
had been hoping to see him perform some sign. He
questioned him at length, but he gave him no answer.
The chief priests, meanwhile, stood by accusing him
harshly. Even Herod and his soldiers treated him
contemptuously and mocked him, and after clothing him in
resplendent garb, he sent him back to Pilate. His wife
sent Pilate a message, "Have nothing to do with that
righteous man. I suffered much in a dream today because of
The chief priests accused him of many things. Again
Pilate questioned him, Have you no answer? See how many
things they accuse you of? Jesus gave him no further
answer, so that Pilate was amazed. Pilate said to him, "Do
you not speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to
release you and I have power to crucify you? Jesus
"You would have no power over me if it had
not been given to you from above. For this reason the one
who handed me over to you has the greater sin. You say I
am a king. For this I was born and for this I came into
the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs
to the truth listens to my voice."
Pilate said to him, "What is truth?" Consequently, Pilate
tried to release him, but the Jews cried out, "If you
release him, you are not a friend o Caesar. Everyone who
makes himself a king opposes Caesar."
Now on the occasion of the feast he used to release to
them one prisoner whom they requested. A man called
Barabbas was then in prison along with the rebels who had
committed murder in a rebellion. The crowd came forward
and began to ask Pilate to do for them as he was
accustomed. Pilate answered, Do you want me to release to
you Jesus? For he knew that it was out of envy that the
chief priests had handed him over. But the chief priests
stirred up the crowd to have him release Barabbas for them
instead. Pilate again said to them in reply, Then what do
you want me to do with the man you call the king of the
Jews? They shouted again, "Crucify him." Pilate said to
them, Why? What evil has he done? They only shouted the
louder, "Crucify him." So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the
crowd, released Barabbas to them and, after he had Jesus
scourged, handed him over to be crucified.